The Global Competitiveness Report that is published by the World Economic Forum looks at the competitive landscape of 144 economies in terms of the institutions, policies, and factors that determine the productivity and long-term growth of a country. Sectors such as a country’s infrastructure, macroeconomic environment, health, education, job market, financial development, and technological readiness are all considered.
- Switzerland and Singapore retain their position as first and second respectively. The United States moves to third from fifth place last year.
- Those countries in Europe such as Spain, Portugal, and Greece are effectively implementing reforms and remain highly competitive. Whereas, the other half of Europe is lagging behind including France and Italy.
- Most improved region belongs to Southeast Asia where Malaysia (20th), Thailand (31st), Indonesia (34th), Philippines and Vietnam (68th) have all progressed in their rankings. The Philippines is the most improved economy since 2010 jumping from 85 to 52.
- Emerging market economies such as Brazil (from 57 to 56) and India (from 60 to 71) lost their competitiveness. But Russia (from 64 to 53) and China (from 29 to 28) climbed in global rankings.
- Most Latin American economies need to address their productivity challenges in order to keep the momentum of their growth in the past years.
- Due to geopolitical instability in the Middle East and North Africa, the region depicts a mixed picture. United Arab Emirates takes the lead in 12th place. Sub-Saharan Africa continues to pose impressive growth rates of 5 percent.
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