Map of Countries Sized by Population & Changing Global Economy

This map was tweeted by @incrediblemaps and shows us the size of countries relative to their populations, which as we know has big implications for food security and the commodity trade markets.

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Answer to the International Business Jeopardy Question from 8/7

What is the most widely spoken language on Earth?

 

Answer: Mandarin Chinese. About 726 million speak Mandarin Chinese, most of them in China. About 397 million speak English and other 400 million use English as a second language. About 274 million speak Russian, 254 million speak Hindi and 251 million speak Spanish.

Extent of Freedom in Changing Times

When the long-standing rivalry between socialism and market orientation was resolved, market focus and the recognition of demand and supply directly affected human rights and the extent of freedom. With all humility and gratefulness we can conclude: the markets were right. In country after country, market forces have demonstrated typically greater efficiency and effectiveness in their ability to satisfy the needs of people.

International marketers have been instrumental in stimulating these newly emerging market forces. In spite of complaints about the slowness of change, the insufficiency of wealth redistribution, and the inequities inherent in societal upheavals, a large majority of participants in market-oriented changes are now better off than they were before. Without the transition provided by international marketing, these changes would not have come about that swiftly.
This is an excerpt from Dr. Czinkota’s book Global Business: Positioning Ventures Ahead, co-authored by Dr. Ilkka Ronkainen.

Michael R Czinkota and Ilkka A Ronkainen, Global Business: Positioning Ventures Ahead (New York: Routledge, 2011), pg. 234-235.

Click here to acquire the full book.

The Answer to the Salt Riddle

If you did not get a chance to read the previous entry about salt and its historical importance, read it here.
I appreciate all the reader contributions.  It is the readers who make this blog successful and the comments create a fantastic forum for discussion and I urge you to subscribe, continue commenting, and take part in the discussion.

The answer after the break.

The question was two parts, 1) What commodity today is most like salt was in historical times in its paramount importance? and 2) What will soon be the rare commodity in the world that will have a great effect on global politics and business?

My answer to part one:  One reader brought up phosphor.  Although it commands a high price because of its relative scarcity, it also does not have the universal importance that salt had and still has.  It has, in fact, many everyday applications, but we do not see wars fought over phosphor reserves.

maciej, you were right!  The real answer is oil!  Oil runs the world and has myriad applications in everything from fuel to plastics.  No one questions the importance of this black gold.  Turn on the news any day and you will see something relating to this substance of modern importance.  Yahoo! News has a whole section dedicated to Oil and Gas News.  Fortunes are made, wars are fought, territory is disputed, political and military decisions are made, and business deals are contracted all over petroleum.

My answer to part two:  maciej, you were right again!  In the next century or so, experts predict the next scarce resource will be drinking water!  Already 40% of the world population has no access to clean drinking water.  That number will only increase as world population skyrockets, development spreads and demand consequently increases, and water becomes more and more valuable.  Water has caused conflict in recent international relations incidents and that will continue to be the norm.  As there becomes a water shortage, there may be wars over water.  Countries will have to start taking into account their water resources when making decisions.  Certain organizations are trying to help ameliorate the problem.

Some have suggested assigning water rights instead of treating rivers and streams as free resources such as air.  Does this mean a whole new industry managing these rights?  What will the effect of water shortage be on international business in general?  Are we all in for a Malthusian nightmare?  Or will technology develop to help us past this crisis (and what will the business surrounding that technology look like?)?

You must have an opinion of some of this…so COMMENT!!