Prof. Dr. Michael Czinkota and Dr. Valbona Zeneli
Globalization, trade and investment deserve our ”Thank You” for their achievements. Yes, currently, in Europe and the United States, popular discontent is forcefully expressed. An introvert trend has emerged, fed by nationalism, populism, xenophobia and anti-globalization rhetoric.
Globalization is not new; it has existed for centuries. What is different today is the speed of globalizing the world, made possible by new technologies, transportation networks, media, and international marketing. Many claim that never before in history has there been so much evidence about strong opposition to globalization. However, any comparison with the past is highly inaccurate. Only few records of resistance to globalization have been preserved for us today.
After a heated and arduous election campaign, it is clear that Donald Trump has won the race for the US presidency. The candidate, who is particularly striking in the election campaign with outrageous speeches and full-bodied announcements, promised to create 25 million jobs, invest massively in the infrastructure, and re-establish trade agreements. So what is coming to the US? Foreclosure and isolation, new tariffs and exploding state debts – How many expert prophesies are there? Will Trump lead to an economic catastrophe or a new miracle? And who are actually Trump’s economic policy consultants? Astrid Petermann discusses with Michael Czinkota, a professor at the Georgetown University in Washington and Valentin Hofstätter, analyst and US expert at Raiffeisen Research, in the Austrian economic magazine SALDO.
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You may ask what freedom has to do with international marketing. Freedom is about options. If there is no alternative, there is no freedom. A true alternative provides the opportunity to make a decision, to exercise virtue. In the blaze of the klieg lights, it is easy to make the “right’’ decision. at is not an exercise in virtue, because real alternatives arr effectively removed. e true selection among alternatives takes place in the darkness of night when nobody is looking.
Co-authors: Anna Astvatsatryan, Michael R. Czinkota
In November of 2014, leaders of the Group of Twenty (G20) vowed to implement an anti-corruption action plan. Although the proposed strategies might improve the situation for G20 member states, using the same toolkit will not work in the developing world. One needs to take into account culture, traditions, and historical circumstances, when crafting anti-corruption strategies for the developing world.