What Drives Globalization? Part 3/4

Globalization is driven by four factors:

  1. Cost
  2. Market
  3. Environment
  4. Competition

Environment:

Increasing consumer wealth and mobility, rapid information transfer across borders, publicity about the benefits of globalization, and technological revolutions continue to accelerate demands for global products and services. Newly emerging markets are benefiting from advanced communications by leaping over economic development stages that others slogged through in earlier years.

A new group of global players is taking advantage of the increase in trading regions and newer technologies. These “mini-nationals” or “born globals” serve world markets from a handful of manufacturing bases rather than building a plant in every country as was the procedure in earlier years. Their smaller bureaucracies also allow these companies to move quickly to conquer new markets, develop new products, or change directions when the situation calls for it.

This is an excerpt from Dr. Czinkota’s book Global Business: Positioning Ventures Ahead, co-authored by Dr. Ilkka Ronkainen.

Michael R Czinkota and Ilkka A Ronkainen, Global Business: Positioning Ventures Ahead (New York: Routledge, 2011), pg.91-92.

 

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